Basic Pike Positions

Basic Pike Positions

Opening Activity
Body awareness develops by exploring the many ways the pike position can be shown.
Activity Information
  • Skill Focus
    • Axial Stability
  • Equipment
    • No Equipment Required
  • Group Type
    • Individual
    • Small/Large Group
    • Special Needs
  • Activity Type
    • Body Positions
    • Morning Circle
  • Environment
    • Indoors
    • Outdoors
  • Space Allocation
    • Extra Small Space
    • Small Space
  • Special Needs
    • Able-Bodied
    • Physically Challenged
  • Physical Benefits
    • Balance
    • Body Awareness
  • Key Language
    • Pike
    • Arms
    • Legs
    • Parallel
    • Straight
    • Body
    • Folds
    • Hips
    • Lift

Activity Progressions and Adjustments

Beginners  Demonstrate each body position for the children to copy, help them understand the hands are held parallel to the legs.

Intermediate  See if the children can execute the body shapes on their own by listening to verbal instruction.

Advanced  Demonstrate the basic seated pike position and have the children think of other ways the pike body position can be shown.

Special Needs  Explore different ways to fold the body in half. Encourage holding the position for a count of five if the child is able to do this. The positions improve flexibility and muscle tone.

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Have the children sit in a circle with at least a meter of space between them.

Show and teach the following four basic pike position one by one:
1.  Sitting on the floor with legs straight and together in front of the body, arms held out straight shoulder height in front of the body, back straight with eyes forward.
2. Lying on the side with the body folded in half, hands reaching for the toes, legs straight and together.
3. Standing with legs straight and together, the body folds over at the hips and the hands reach down towards the toes.
4. Lying on the back, the legs and hips are lifted up and over the body and held as close to the face as possible, legs straight and toes pointed.

Emphasize how the body is folded in half for each position and that the arms should always be held parallel to the legs and the toes pointed.

If preferred you can show the photos of the positions and then have them copy it.

Discuss which pike shape was the easiest or most difficult to do and to hold.

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Safety Precautions

The children must have enough space around them to safely maneuver themselves into the different pike positions without kicking each other.

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Sensory and Cognitive Benefits

Vestibular-Cerebellum   Stimulation of the neural networks in the cerebellum (balance center in the brain).

Proprioception   Activation of muscle and joint receptors responsible for body and spatial awareness.

Motor Planning and Strategic Thinking   Manoeuvring the body into the different body positions.

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